Abortion and Mental Health: HB 727

StBlogostine's Pic of IRMA women-men 2011 MFLDue to some unforeseen transportation issues, I was unable to make it to the Capitol in time to testify on HB 727. But I still think its important to educate people on why this bill is neccessary, so I’m going to share the testimony I had planned, which I will save for the Senate Committee. So here goes…

 

Dr. Mary Calderone, the former medical director of Planned Parenthood, once admitted: “…in almost every case, abortion, whether legal or illegal, is a traumatic experience that may have severe consequences later on.”[1] And she was correct- in addition to the many other health risks associated with induced abortion, there is a documented risk of increased mental health issues such as depression, drug abuse, and suicide. My name is Deanna, I am a law student at LSU, and I’m here today on behalf of Law Students for Life of America, in support of this bill, because Louisiana women deserve to receive informed consent about the mental health risks associated with abortion.

In his book Abuse of Discretion, attorney Clarke Forsythe points to the fact that there have been more than one hundred peer-reviewed studies, published in international medical journals, suggesting an association between abortion and adverse mental health outcomes.[2] Among these studies are:

  • A 2000 study in the American Journal of Drug & Alcohol Abuse finding a “five-fold increased incidence of abuse of alcohol and drugs in those who had aborted compared to those who carried to term.
  • A 2004 study in American Journal of Drug & Alcohol Abuse that found that women who had abortions had a higher rate of subsequent substance abuse than women who had never been pregnant or women who gave birth after unexpected pregnancies.
  • A 2003 Obb-stet-trick-cal & Gynecological Survey found that “induced abortion increased…[the incidence of] mood disorders substantial enough to provoke attempts of self-harm.”
  • A study in the Medical Science Monitor found that women with a history of abortion have a significantly higher risk of experiencing clinical depression than women who carry their children to term. This study was reinforced by a 2005 study in the Journal of Anxiety Disorders.
  • A 2006 study in the Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry that concluded “young women who aborted were at a higher risk for various mental health problems compared to women who carried to term…” including:

o   42% reported major depression

o   39% suffered from anxiety disorders, and

o   27% reported suicidal ideation.

  • 2010 study in the Canadian Journal of Psychiatry found that “abortion was associated with an increased likelihood of several mental disorders- mood disorders… substance use disorders…as well as suicidal ideation and suicide attempts.”
  • a 2011 study in the British Journal of Psychiatry, which is a publication of Britain’s Royal College of Psychiatrists, showed a moderate to high increased risk of mental health problems after abortion, specifically:

o   34% higher risk of anxiety

o    30% higher risk of depression

o   110% higher rate of alcohol use

o   220% higher marijuana use

o   155% higher risk of suicidal behavior.

In addition to the studies cited by Forscythe, I’ve provided you with a list of publications dealing with the mental health risks of abortion; this list was compiled by the American Association of Pro-Life Obstetricians and Gynecologists.

In upholding informed consent in Planned Parenthood v. Casey, the Supreme Court stated that “In attempting to ensure that a woman apprehend the full consequences of her decision, the State furthers the legitimate purpose of reducing the risk that a woman may elect an abortion, only to discover later, with devastating psychological consequences, that her decision was not fully informed.”[3] The proposed legislation would uphold the Court’s standard on informed consent, and should be passed to protect Louisiana women.

 

 

 

[1] Calderone, Illegal Abortion as a Public Health Problem, at 951

[2] Forsythe, Clarke D. (2013-09-24). Abuse of Discretion: The Inside Story of Roe v. Wade

[3] Planned Parenthood v. Casey 505 U.S. 833, 882 (1992)

 

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HB 388, HB 305, and HB 1262 are the work of the amazing Bioethics Defense Fund! It’s been an honor to work with them on these important pieces of legislation! Learn more about this great pro-life group and their groundbreaking work at their website: http://www.bdfund.org/

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